- Why do I need a permit?
- What happens if I go ahead and build without a permit?
- I've worked on construction projects for a long time. I'm not an amateur and there has never been a problem with my work. Why do I still have to get a permit?
- With all the construction going on in my jurisdiction, how would I get caught if I don't get a permit?
- What powers do the permit offices have to enforce their permitting rules?
- How are permit fees used? What exactly am I paying for?
- It's my property. I do not have a mortgage. I do not plan to carry insurance on my structure. Why can't I build whatever I want? Why do I have to get my building inspected?
- I think my neighbor is building without a permit. What should I do?
- When should I call for an inspection?
- How far in advance should I call?
- Should I try to "game" the system by saying I am ready for an inspection now, when in actuality I will be ready for the inspection tomorrow thinking that by doing so it will get the inspector to my job site "on time."
- What happens if I fail an inspection?
- What should I do if I accidentally move ahead in the construction process skipping an inspection?
- What if I skip a major inspection such as pouring a concrete slab before getting a plumbing or pre-pour inspection? What can we do to work with me on this?
- What are my options if I disagree with the results of an inspection? Is there an appeals process?
Plan Review Questions
- I have a computer and feel I can draw my own house plans. Can I do this?
- Why do I need my plans back if they are marked approved?
- Why do I have to keep my approved set of plans on the job site?
- Are there any references I may consult to read the building code or review specific items if I am planning a project?
- What service does a contractor provide for me?
- Should I get a contractor?
- Can I act as my own contractor?
General Construction Questions
- I have applied for a permit and have the resources ready to start the project. When can I actually start Building?
- What is the difference in the following documents?
- What is the difference between a manufactured, mobile, trailer, and modular home?
- Does the type of roofing shingle I use or how I nail them matter?
- Is electrical hookup different for a trailer than a regular home?
- What is the difference between temp power, temporary permanent power and permanent power?
- What is a temp pole?
- Does elevation matter? Is there a required elevation height?
- How do I get an elevation certificate?
- How high can I build before I need an engineer?
- I made a dirt mound to build on. How long do I have to wait before I can build on it?
- How do I find out what the building restrictions are in my neighborhood?
- When can I occupy the structure?
- When should I insure my project?
- Do I need to contact the health board about my project?
- How do I connect water to my structure?
- How do I connect gas to my structure?
- What are my options for Sewage? Can I connect to city sewer or build a cess pool in my yard?
State laws and local ordinances require you to have a permit for any construction project. These laws are designed to protect public safety and welfare by ensuring a project does not endanger you or the public.
There is a strong possibility that utility companies will refuse to provide electric or gas service to your structure. Also, we will not issue a Certificate of Occupancy or Certificate of Compliance for your structure. Both of these documents are important when acquiring proper insurance coverage.
A permit provides a buyer, insurance company, or anyone with an interest regarding the structure with validation that your structure is building code compliant by way of an independent inspection process. If someone does not know your reputation or simply does not want to take your word for it, you have a way to prove you have followed all building codes in your construction projects. In addition to this, it is required by law.
Inspectors cover every inch of their jurisdiction at some point in a typical week. Inspectors are generally assigned to specific areas, and are familiar with construction in their area. They will notice your structure and become suspicious when they are not called to your construction project for an inspection. They also may be notified via citizen's complaints.
If a builder refuses to work with an inspector, a cease and desist order can be put on the building to stop the construction completely. This is an option of last resort. You will not receive a cease and desist order because you failed an inspection. By cooperating with our inspectors to make the necessary corrections your project can continue.
If the builder refuses to fix the problems listed on the cease and desist order AND continues to build the job anyway, the owner may be required to attend a court hearing. The end result of the hearing will be that the owner is in violation of the law and additional fees and penalties could be imposed by the court.
State law requires jurisdictions to conduct all inspections and plan reviews with certified staff. Permit fees cover the costs to administer building code policies and house knowledgeable, certified staff.
If your construction project is built incorrectly, it could damage surrounding structures and property. The only exception to this is the construction of a farm structure. Because there is often enough space between a farm structure and its surroundings, it is unlikely to cause damage to surrounding structures and property, so these restrictions are relaxed. In addition to this, it is required by law.
Most jurisdictions also require the permit holder to post a placard or copy of the permit on the job site for the duration of construction. If you do not see this document, contact your local permit office and inquire if the address has been issued a permit.
Your approved set of plans and or review letter is customized for your job site and lists, in detail, exactly when you should call for inspections. It also lists helpful phone numbers to call if you have any questions. If you have misplaced your plans and review letter, you can contact your local permit office to obtain a replacement copy. Keep in mind it is required that you keep a copy of the review letter and approved set of plans on the job site at all times.
You should call as soon as you know when the work will be completed. Schedule your inspection and an inspector will be sent to your construction project at the earliest convenience.
NO. Please notify your jurisdiction of the actual date the work will be completed and when you are ready for the inspection. If you say you are ready now, they will come now. Often if an inspector visits your construction project site for a scheduled inspection and the work is not complete, the inspection will be marked as failed. A failed inspection may result in additional re-inspection fees.
You will receive a failed inspection report with a list of items not in compliance. Your job is not stopped or halted in anyway, simply fix the necessary items not in compliance and have it re-inspected. Do not just "cover up" the items that need to be corrected until they are re-inspected. Any portion of your project not affected by the failed report can continue.
Honesty is the best policy, so call right away. An inspector will see what stage your construction project is at and try to find an innovative way to find the information needed to determine if it is built to code. Jurisdictions are not out to hurt your construction project and will do everything they can to help you gather this information without costing you additional money or time. Do not make it worse or impossible to come up with a solution by ignoring the problem or hoping an inspector will not notice.
In this example, you could run into a financial problem since this may require an engineer to verify that the slab is code compliant or a plumber to snake cameras down your plumbing. All of which can become expensive.
However, if you simply follow the guidelines provided on the cover letter on your approved set of plans, you will not have any of these problems.
It cannot be stressed enough to read your review letter and approved plans
If you disagree with an inspection, you can request to speak to the building official about the matter. If you do not agree with the building official's explanation, you may be able to have your appeal heard by a local, regional or state code enforcement authority.
Plan Review Questions
Anyone can draw building plans to be reviewed for building code compliance; you do not need an engineer or an architect. But, your plans have to meet the requirements of the building code the same as a set of professional plans. The most important thing is that your plans examiner has the necessary details to see that your construction project is designed in accordance with the building code. If your plans contain all the necessary information and meet the building code requirements, then the jurisdiction will move forward. If the plans are inadequate, the jurisdiction will provide a list of items and information needed to continue your plan review. Should it become obvious the plans examiners are not receiving the necessary information to proceed, we may recommend that you seek a draftsman to complete your plans.
A good rule of thumb to follow when designing your own plans is do not tell us "what" you are building, but tell us "how" you are building it. If you focus on the "how" you will cover the majority of the information we need to review.
A customized cover letter with comments concerning when you should call for inspections and other very important notes about the construction project, is attached to your approved set of plans. It is critical that you read these notes and follow them carefully. If you do not, it could cost you time and money. If you have any questions at all about this letter, just call. It does not cost you any money at all to ask questions and speak with a certified plans examiner or inspector.
Your contractor needs to build your construction project correctly and according to your approved set of plans. Any plans examiner's warnings and corrections must be followed during construction. Inspectors also need to review your plans during their inspection to ensure the plans are being followed.
You may purchase building code books, which are extensive, technical and possibly overwhelming in the information they provide. Code books that provide quick and easy references for the general public DO NOT EXIST. If you wish to do so, you may purchase copies of these building code books at www.iccSafe.org or your local book store.
Our best suggestion to anyone planning a construction project without an extensive knowledge of the building code is to review modern building and construction books and to review tutorials that teach best practices in current construction methods. For specific questions on the building code and its implementation, consult a certified inspector.
A contractor is required by law to guarantee the structure for a period of time. They will also provide insurance coverage for anyone injured while working on your construction project. (The subcontractor should have their own insurance. If they do not, contractors insurance will cover them.) The contractor removes you from any liability whatsoever during construction. Hiring a contractor gives you the benefits of insurance and a warranty on the construction.
A contractor is also responsible for making sure the entire construction project is code compliant. It takes the pressure off of you to make sure your construction project is code compliant. If something is built improperly, our inspectors will find it, and the contractor will be required to fix it.
It depends on your individual situation, knowledge and abilities. There are many people who are very capable of doing their own construction projects. If you feel you can do the construction project and are willing to take on the responsibility to construct your project to code, then you have the option to be your own contractor. If you do not feel you are able to take on this responsibility, or simply do not want to take the risk, then you should hire a contractor.
You may act as your own contractor if you are building your own home or accessory structure on your own property.
General Construction Questions
You may begin construction after you have received two items from your local permit office:
- A permit that has a status of "issued" to be posted at your project site.
- An approved set of plans to be posted at your project site.
A Certificate of Completion is most often used for addition and renovation construction projects. It certifies that the project is complete, the structure was built to code, and it was inspected throughout the construction process.
A Certificate of Compliance certifies that the entire project was inspected at the proper stages of construction and the structure is building code compliant. A certificate of compliance is required before a jurisdiction can provide a certificate of occupancy.
A Certificate of Occupancy is issued by your local permit office and certifies that the structure can be occupied. State law requires that before a jurisdiction can issue a certificate of occupancy on a new dwelling the jurisdiction must first receive a certificate of compliance from the authorized certified building official.
Manufactured, mobile, and trailer homes are the same. They come in many different shapes sizes and vary widely in quality, but the code treats them as the same type of construction.
A modular home, on the other hand, is built to IRC standard guidelines and to the windspeed for the area where it will be assembled. These structures will also be inspected by ICC certified inspectors thoughout the entire building process.
Yes! Shingles have to be wind rated. There are many different types of wind ratings, but the most common is astm3161 class F shingle. This type of shingle has been wind tested and is acceptable for our entire regional jurisdiction. Most shingles will have a wind rating, but some do not. The installation of the shingle is just as important as the type.
Both must follow the national electrical code requirements. The only significant difference for a trailer is that power is setup on a remote pole (temp pole) and cannot be attached to the structure as it would be for most homes.
Temp power is power provided on a temp pole to aid during the construction process.
Temporary permanent power is permanent power that is turned on in preparation for a final electrical inspection to ensure everything works correctly.
Your power is classified as permanent power after you have passed a final electrical inspection that ensures that everything is working correctly.
A temp pole at your construction project site provides temporary power during construction. Once the pole is in place, you must schedule an inspection and contact your electric company to setup your account.
Yes, your elevation matters and there are height requirements. However, this is dictated solely by flood plain management, which is a part of FEMA. You can find your required elevation on the flood plains maps located at fema.org. For any further questions, contact your local permit office.
A licensed surveyor must perform an elevation shot. Contact your local permit office for a list of surveyors that perform work in your area.
Many factors can affect this. The height you are building to, your construction method, and a number of other factors may require an engineer. It is best to contact one of our plans examiners with your specific question.
There is not a "time requirement", but rather one of three things is required:
- You may pour a traditional slab anytime, but the footings must be 12 inches within the natural soil.
- You may order a compaction test. Once the test results show your ground is 95% compacted, you may begin construction.
- You may install a post tension slab immediately without any requirements. This is an engineered form of foundation.
Contact your local permit office.
After you receive a certificate of occupancy.
It would be wise and most likely required (if you received bank financing) to have insurance on the property before construction begins. Talk to your insurance agent for the proper type of insurance and amount.
Yes, but your local permit office will specify what the health board's involvement will be.
Contact your local water company to install a meter. You will need an inspection before connecting water service to your structure.
Contact your gas company to install a meter. You will need an inspection before connecting gas service to your structure.
It depends on the ordinances of where you live. Contact your local permit office.